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Pros and Cons of Affirmative Action - Essay Example

The Pro’s and Con’s of Affirmative Action Essay

❶Measures of affirmative action are always very controversial, because they mean a temporary preference for a particular group over another in order to compensate for past inequalities, and the provision of equal opportunities to the targeted groups for example, women, ethnic minorities at present, for the realization of all fundamental freedoms, particularly in education, employment and business.

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Other individuals who are more qualified or have a better work ethic tend to be passed over or pushed to the side simply because they are not a minority. Minorities tend to receive the stereotype that they are poor and are all from lower class homes.

This is not always the case. Many white students also live in poverty but tend to be disregarded simply based on the fact that they are not from a minority race. As a result of the way things work right now with affirmative action, a hard working, lower class white individual may be overshadowed in the college admission process to an average, higher class, minority student Messerli, In addition to this idea, individuals for the concept of affirmative action believe that disadvantaged students, such as the minorities, need an extra boost.

They believe that these individuals already start out at a disadvantage when applying to jobs or schools because of their race or gender. They argue that students from minority backgrounds do not always get the same opportunities as others do. Individuals who are pro affirmative action state that minorities may come from neighborhoods that are high in crime, violence, and drugs.

They could potentially come from areas where they do not have the money or resources to have the same opportunities and experiences as those who are more privileged. As a result, they believe that minorities will not necessarily have the same quality of an application as someone who is not considered to be a minority and that is why affirmative action is necessary Messerli, On the other hand I, as well as others, believe that students admitted to colleges and institutions because they are a minority are often not ready or equipped enough to succeed in the environment in which they have been accepted.

While some minority students are just as, if not more qualified than the majority of students, it is quite possible that a minority student will be accepted into a school in which they will not be able to succeed to the best of their capabilities.

Colleges establish specific standards and qualifications that are required to get accepted into the school, because they are needed in order to be successful at the said institution. Pros and Cons By: It lets minority students get into advanced education.

Students with ethnic minority backgrounds need a helping hand to enjoy privileges that are generally ignored by other races. With the policies behind Affirmative Action, all deprived students are encouraged to enter an advanced educational system. It assures equality in the workplace. When implemented inside the workplace, this policy will be the most effective way to ensure the candidates from ethnic groups are provided with the chance to prove themselves as having efficient capabilities as the candidates from other races.

It offers protection from hatred. Though nothing can shield every individual from all the hatred they would encounter in life, Affirmative Action can at least help tremendously by enforcing strict and even harsh punishments on anyone who is found guilty of personal assault due to race, gender or sexual orientation. The law makes many people think twice before committing an act that is filled with hatred or violence.

It can serve as a reverse discrimination. Primarily, Affirmative Action was designed to end unfair treatment and discrimination of anyone based on color, but it in effect, it has done the opposite. White people who are more qualified and are working harder can be passed over strictly because of their color.

Contrary to the usual stereotypes, many groups under the minorities have fallen into the middle or upper class, while many white people are now living in poverty. Looking at the way things are set up now, a poverty-stricken white student who uses hard work and discipline to become the best could unfortunately be passed over by a rich minority student who is not putting much effort at all.

This definitely does not justify the past discrimination against certain minority groups. It destroys the idea of a meritocracy. Based on its current set-up, Affirmative Action has put race as the dominant factor in employee recruitment and school admission procedures, where it is believed that the best people for certain positions should be put there, regardless of color and race.

It can still reinforce stereotypes and racism. People who are given a position solely based on the stipulations of this policy are often not qualified, and the idea that all people under that race are all not qualified is perpetuated. Plus, Affirmative Action presupposes that all people having the same color of skin are from the lower class, therefore needing help.

It can generate unfavorable results for businesses and schools. As previously stated, workers and students, who are put into a position through this policy, are often not fully ready for the task.

This can be bad not only for the business or school, but also for these workers and students themselves, as self-esteem will be lowered. Take into consideration an AA Minor League baseball player to be suddenly asked to bat cleanup in the majors or a high school science fair contestant to be suddenly asked to take a job for rocket science at NASA. Of course, there is possibility that they will be successful, but it is more likely that they are just being over their heads.

Also, educational institutions, such as Yale and Harvard, employ high SAT and GPA requirements, and forcing them to lower standards to achieve a minority quota can make it difficult for some students to keep up.

This does not imply that minority students are less capable, but points out that those students who do not meet these requirements are probably not prepared to take on challenges they are not qualified to face. In fact, the far-lower graduation rate of minorities can prove that they are too often going to schools that do not match their abilities. It can lower the accountability standards that are needed to push employees and students to perform better.

Though some workers and students are self-motivated, an extra push or incentive is needed for most people to do their best. By setting lower hiring or school admission standards, the level of accountability is also lowered. It is important to reward discipline, hard work and achievement, to not do it simply because a student is a member of a certain race, nor punish him because he is not.

It has a flaw with regards to diversity. Simply having different people at a workplace or university does not necessarily mean diversity of opinion is achieved. Remember that people with the same color do not necessarily have the same opinion or even culture. It would help lead a truly color-blind society. When you are applying for a job or filling out a college application, are you often asked about things, such as skin, hair and eye color, as well as height?

Probably, never—unless, it is for an athletic or modeling position. This is because these details do not have any effect on your ability to do a job or succeed at school.

There is no association between these details and discipline, intelligence, ambition, character and other essentials, rendering such information useless.

It demeans true minority achievement. A good example of this is the success labeled as result of Affirmative Action, instead of ability and hard work. Taking into consideration influential figures, such as Barack Obama, Condi Rice, Oprah Winfrey, Colin Powell and Herman Cain, do you think they have gotten to where they are now through such a policy, or hard work? All of them achieved success through hard work, and because they are articulate and bright.

The same thing can be said of minority lawyers, doctors, business leaders and other professionals. Their achievements are too often demeaned by other people who believe they got their positions through preferential treatment. As a result, minority groups would then work harder to earn respect. It can be condescending to minorities.

This is true when people say minority groups need Affirmative Action to succeed. It is difficult to remove, even after discrimination issues have been eliminated. Times change, where society will learn and grow, and racism can dissolve over time. Even race extortionists had admitted that the US is already worlds ahead of where it was in the s. Discrimination has become a thing of the past in almost all areas of the country. But still, a lot of Affirmative Action policies are remaining in place, even when the majority of citizens would agree that they are no longer necessary.


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The Pro’s and Con’s of Affirmative Action Essay The principle that all men are equal in rights and should be treated equally is the cornerstone of human rights .

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Affirmative Action is defined as positive steps to enhance the diversity of some group, often to remedy the cumulative effect of subtle as well as gross expression of prejudice. It is the practice of giving preference to racial minorities or women when hiring employees, giving awards or deciding /5(8).

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Affirmative action has been the topic of debate for many years. It has been controversial because it has been said to be a form of reverse discrimination. This paper will discuss the purpose behind affirmative action, as well as, its various strengths and weaknesses. Also, this paper will. Pros and Cons of Affirmative Action Affirmative action is defined as policies that seek out, encourage, and sometimes give preferential treatment to employees in groups protected by Title VII. (site text book) This is usually done through educational or economical benefits.

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Free Essay: Affirmative action has been the topic of debate for many years. It has been controversial because it has been said to be a form of reverse. This paper tends to discuss the pros and cons of affirmative action in the workplace. Pros Affirmative action tends to eliminate.