The feeling that it so evidently manifested, rather than the direct purport of the words, caused it to vibrate within all hearts, and brought the listeners into one accord of sympathy. Dimmesdale, and held up its little arms with a half-pleased, half-plaintive murmur Wilson, more harshly than before. Speak out the name! That, and thy repentance, may avail to take the scarlet letter off thy breast.
The reverends call upon Hester's love for the father of her child—the same love they are condemning—to convince her to reveal his identity. Their attempts to move her by appealing to her sense of duty, compassion and morality are examples of pathos. Once again, this example of pathos reveals a lack of moral fiber in the reverends who are attempting to manipulate Hester by appealing to her emotions, particularly since spoiler alert!
Reverend Dimmesdale is in fact the father. The poem is a villanelle , a specific form of verse that originated as a ballad or "country song" and is known for its repetition. Thomas' selection of the repetitive villanelle form contributes to the pathos of his insistent message to his father—his appeal to his father's inner strength:.
Do not go gentle into that good night, Old age should burn and rave at close of day; Rage, rage against the dying of the light. Though wise men at their end know dark is right, Because their words had forked no lightning they Do not go gentle into that good night.
Good men, the last wave by, crying how bright Their frail deeds might have danced in a green bay, Rage, rage against the dying of the light. Wild men who caught and sang the sun in flight, And learn, too late, they grieved it on its way, Do not go gentle into that good night. Grave men, near death, who see with blinding sight Blind eyes could blaze like meteors and be gay, Rage, rage against the dying of the light.
It's worth noting that, in this poem, pathos is not in any way connected to a lack of morals or inner strength. Quite the opposite, the appeal to emotion is connected to a profound love—the poet's own love for his father. Politicians understand the power of emotion, and successful politicians are adept at harnessing people's emotions to curry favor for themselves, as well as their policies and ideologies.
In August , the Syrian government, led by Bashar al-Assad, used chemical weapons against Syrians who opposed his regime, causing several countries—including the United States—to consider military intervention in the conflict.
Obama's tragic descriptions of civilians who died as a result of the attack are an example of pathos: Over the past two years, what began as a series of peaceful protests against the oppressive regime of Bashar al-Assad has turned into a brutal civil war. Over , people have been killed. Millions have fled the country The images from this massacre are sickening: The wall also split Berlin in two, obstructing one of Berlin's most famous landmarks: Reagan's speech, delivered to a crowd in front of the Brandenburg Gate, contains many examples of pathos: Behind me stands a wall that encircles the free sectors of this city, part of a vast system of barriers that divides the entire continent of Europe Yet it is here in Berlin where the wall emerges most clearly Every man is a Berliner, forced to look upon a scar General Secretary Gorbachev, if you seek peace, if you seek prosperity for the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, if you seek liberalization: Come here to this gate!
Gorbachev, open this gate! Gorbachev, tear down this wall! Reagan moves his listeners to feel outrage at the Wall's existence by calling it a "scar.
Few appreciate the complexity of pathos better than advertisers. Consider all the ads you've seen in the past week. Whether you're thinking of billboards, magazine ads, or TV commercials, its almost a guarantee that the ones you remember contained very little specific information about the product, and were instead designed to create an emotional association with the brand. Advertisers spend incredible amounts of money trying to understand exactly what Aristotle describes as the building blocks of pathos: Take a look at this advertisement for the watch company, Rolex, featuring David Beckham:.
Notice that the ad doesn't convey anything specific about the watch itself to make someone think it's a high quality or useful product. Instead, the ad caters to Rolex's target audience of successful male professionals by causing them to associate the Rolex brand with soccer player David Beckham, a celebrity who embodies the values of the advertisement's target audience: Speechwriters, politicians, and advertisers use pathos for precisely this reason: The use of pathos in literature is often different than in public speeches, since it's less common for authors to try to directly influence their readers in the way politicians might try to influence their audiences.
Rather, authors often employ pathos by having a character make use of it in their own speech. In doing so, the author may be giving the reader some insight into a character's values, motives, or their perception of another character. Consider the above example from The Scarlet Letter. The clergymen in Hester's town punish her by publicly humiliating her in front of the community and holding her up as an example of sin for conceiving a child outside of marriage.
The reverends make an effort to get Hester to tell them the name of her child's father by making a dramatic appeal to a sense of shame that Hester plainly does not feel over her sin. As a result, this use of pathos only serves to expose the the manipulative intent of the reverends, offering readers some insight into their moral character as well as that of Puritan society at large. Ultimately, it's a good example of an ineffective use of pathos , since what the reverends lack is the key to eliciting the response they want: Sign In Sign Up.
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LitCharts From the creators of SparkNotes, something better. Download this entire guide PDF. Pathos Definition What is pathos? Some additional key details about pathos: You may also hear the word "pathos" used to mean "a quality that invokes sadness or pity," as in the statement, "The actor's performance was full of pathos. The three "modes of persuasion"— pathos , logos , and ethos —were originally defined by Aristotle.
In contrast to pathos, which appeals to the listener's emotions, logos appeals to the audience's sense of reason, while ethos appeals to the audience based on the speaker's authority. Although Aristotle developed the concept of pathos in the context of oratory and speechmaking, authors, poets, and advertisers also use pathos frequently.
Pathos Pronunciation Here's how to pronounce pathos: For instance, in Ars Rhetorica, Aristotle describes the information a speaker needs to rile up a feeling of anger in his or her audience: By suggesting similarities of opinion, Steinbeck builds credibility as a narrator. Gentlemen, a court is no better than each man of you sitting before me on this jury.
A court is only as sound as its jury, and a jury is only as sound as the men who make it up. I am confident that you gentlemen will review without passion the evidence you have heard, come to a decision, and restore this defendant to his family.
In the name of God, do your duty. He must establish credibility many times over in his career, as his main goal is to get the jury to trust him. The above excerpt from F. Scott Fitzgerald is one of the more subtler examples of ethos. This line is the opening of his novel The Great Gatsby , and at first it might seem not particularly consequential. However, this is a very important way for the narrator Nick Carraway to establish credibility with the audience.
Which of the following statements is the best ethos definition? An appeal to logic. An appeal to emotion. An appeal to ethics. Answer to Question 1 Show Answer: C is the correct answer. A is the definition of logos, and B is the definition of pathos. Which of the following statements is an example of ethos? Answer to Question 2 Show Answer: B is the correct answer.
A is an example of logos and C is an example of pathos. What is the purpose of ethos in a work of literature or in rhetoric? To establish credibility with an audience.
Pathos Definition. Pathos is a quality of an experience in life, or a work of art, that stirs up emotions of pity, sympathy, and sorrow. Pathos can be expressed through words, pictures, or .
The definition of pathos shows that it is an emotive mode of persuasion, whereas logos (the appeal to logic) and ethos (the appeal to ethics) are not emotive. The word pathos comes from the Greek word pathea, meaning “suffering” or “experience.”.
the quality or power in an actual life experience or in literature, music, speech, or other forms of expression, of evoking a feeling of pity, or of sympathetic and kindly sorrow or compassion. pity. Home > Examples > Literary Terms Examples > Pathos Examples. Pathos Examples. Pathos. Pathos is an argument that appeals to a reader's emotions. Many speech writers use pathos rather than facts or logic to appeal to the emotions of an audience. Pathos can also be found in the images associated with words. Many advertisements contain emotional.
However, this guide focuses specifically on the rhetorical technique of pathos used in literature and public speaking to persuade readers and listeners through an appeal to emotion. The three "modes of persuasion"— pathos, logos, and ethos —were originally defined by Aristotle. Ethos definition: Ethos is a rhetorical device that includes any content in an argument that is meant to appeal to ethics. What is Ethos? Ethos as a Literary Term. What does ethos mean? Ethos is one of the three Aristotelian appeals. Ethos refers to any element of an argument that is meant to appeal to an audience’s ethics or ethical responsibilities.