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What is Long-Term Orientation

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❶Hofstede's cultural dimensions theory is a framework for cross-cultural communication , developed by Geert Hofstede. But it is interesting that at the time, no other surveys had any indications of why the five economic dragons were doing so good.

Origin of Hofestede's Fifth Dimension

Elements of Long and Short-Term Orientation
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Our interpretation of the Truth is how we in the West view religion, science, and management. Thus, when information is manipulated or held to obtain a certain result, then one is simply going after the short-term orientation. There may be truth to the results, but the virtue of it has been removed. However, when we take the long-term view, we can practice Virtue without seeking the Truth, we can mix religion with Confucian, we can mix Eastern management styles with Western management styles.

A short-term view of results occurs when we know what result we want, thus we are willing to play with the truth to get it.

A long-term view of results mean that we will get it when we get it — it is more important to find the greatness in our results than to find the result that we want. And for quite some time that has been China's philosophy — taking the long-term outlook. However, to go beyond manufacturing and on to innovation, information, and knowledge is something that their oriental philosophy is designed for, yet their socialistic view abhors.

Socialism rules by controlling information. Innovation rules by allowing the greatness of information to come through. Historically, China has had little or no interest in the West, and that's even at the highest levels of politics, which is one reason they've been so difficult to interact with. That of course is changing now, and it's changing fast. Like Japan, they will take what works best from everywhere, discard what doesn't, and they will adapt what they take to their own culture and resources.

They are; however, skipping all the intermediary steps and the time that Japan took to evolve from a manufacturer of junk products to dominating markets. China has grown economically because capital was pumped into their economy from outside sources to take advantage of their cheap labor. India, on the other hand, has created several companies that have the potential to become disruptive innovations, e. Thus, India has a greater long-term potential than China does note that India is number seven on the above list.

And again this could change, but we always talk about how hard it is to change the culture within an organization. With China, you have to change the world's largest population. Now the majority of the population might want to change, but when they are led by a small group that dominates with total control, it could be extremely hard to fathom having them let loose the reigns so that innovation can take place.

This might be why they are at the top of the long-term orientation list, but not the economic list — they have the culture for it, but their leaders must control to remain in power. Hofstede , Geert Software of the Mind. Second to your question: Or, put differently, Americans are not risk averse. Neither are Chinese both score low on Uncertainty Avoidance. I am currently doing culture based research, and I am wondering where you obtained your LTO score for Zimbabwe?

I have been unable to find score on any of the dimensions for Zimbabwe. Thank you for your comment! Am I missing something here… Because I have studied in China and even Chinese teachers used to say that Chinese people like traditions, are afraid of losing their face and favors and gifts are very usual in business.

The thing is this 5th Dimension is very difficult to understand for non-Chinese Asians in general. When the tree falls in the forest and there is no one there, of course it makes a noise. This is how we think including myself. The characteristics you mention in your comment are pretty much all related to the Collective aspect of Chinese society.

As I said before at the beginning of this post, I hardly ever explain this dimension. For one reason that it is difficult for me to comprehend emotionally, and second that it usually leads to more confusion than to more clarity.

I would like to enquire how LTO affect the uptake of insurance for people of a particular culture. I am currently doing a study on health financing in Zimbabwe and one thing that I have found is that a lot of people in Zimbabwe do not value insurance in general and health insurance in particular. Can this be associated with a low LTO score or is it more to do with uncertainty avoidance dimension? Thank you for your comment. If any dimension has an influence I think it would indeed be Uncertainty Avoidance.

Hi UAI scoring countries would then put a higher value on insurance. But you observe just the opposite. Which in my eyes, has everything to do with the financial status and capabilities of most Zimbabweans. In other words, it is not top of mind because other things take priority currently. The numbers used by Prof. Hofstede are supposed to be a relative scale. Since this is a relative scale it could go below 0 and over In the case of Pakistan being 0 on LTO says nothing in and by itself.

If you compare one country to the other, both get meaning relative comparison. Pakistan scores 0, India While India has many Gods and many books. Thanks for your comment.

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Long-term orientation versus short-term orientation is one of five cultural dimensions identified by Geert Hofstede. Cultures demonstrating a long-term orientation emphasize preparation for the future, while cultures demonstrating a short-term orientation are more concerned with short-term gratification.

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68 rows · Long-Term Orientation is the fifth dimension of Hofstede which was added .

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Examples Of Long Term Orientation - [ ] previous post on the cultural dimension Long Term Orientation had a lot of comments. Mainly on Social media. Since Hofstede’s six dimensions | h - [ ] smith, c. (, December . It’s opposite pole, Short Term Orientation, stands for the fostering of virtues related to the past and present, in particular, respect for tradition, preservation of ‘face’ and fulfilling social obligations.” From Hofstede (), Culture’s Consequences, 2nd ed., p See Hofstede’s country ranking for Long Term / Short Term.

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Confucian Dynamism (LTO) rates the long-term or short-term orientation of a country. The United States scored a 29, far below the worldwide average of These results allow us to conclude that United States values short-term concepts more than long term ones. Blog Long Term Orientation vs. Short Term Orientation (LTO) A recent American Society for Training & Development (ASTD) survey indicated that failure to consider intercultural differences is one of the reasons that 72% of multinational companies were not satisfied with their global training initiatives.